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ABOUT BAMBOO

ABOUT BAMBOO

Range of Bamboo
Bamboo grows well in mild and moist climate and are widely distributed in warm regions or tropical regions in Asia. It grows in the area except North Africa, Europe and a large part of North America. There are 1200 types of Bamboo (600 types in Japan) all over the world.
Ingredients
In terms of elements constituting a bamboo, it contains about 50% of carbon, 43.4% of oxygen, 5.6% of hydrogen and 1% of nitrogen and minerals.
Bamboo in our day
The area of bamboo cultivation peaked at approximately 150,000 ha in 1970, and has been slowly decreasing since. It is now less than one third of the area in 1950’s.
It has been said that the rapid economic growth of postwar years is a significant reason for decline in demand, in addition to the wider use of plastic products.
Bamboo and Japanese people
Findings from the ruins of Jomon period gives a clue how the ancient Japanese used bamboo in their everyday life.
At that time, bamboo was primarily used as building materials.
It was in Muromachi and Momoyama period that people started to use bamboo for various utensils.
Utensils for tea ceremonies constituted one such use. This, in turn, may have made bamboo a prestigious material in a short time span.
People made all kind of products from bamboo, such big objects as homes and small objects such as umbrellas, paper fans and fishing rods. These bamboo crafts became popular and well received also in foreign countries.
Another uses and its reasons
Building and landscape gardening materials ー
because of the lightness and toughness with its joints.
Traditional musical instruments for Nō, Kabuki or Gagakuー

because of the structure with hollow inside.
Utensils for folk customs and eventsー

because of the spirituality of bamboo with its strong vitality.
Provisionsー

because of the health effects for preventing lifestyle-related diseases, making beautiful skin and removing the swelling.
Papersー

because of the toughness by bamboo fibers which are oriented parallel.
Ecological products (bamboo charcoal, bamboo acetic liquid)ー

for skin care, insecticidal action, sterilization, anti-fungal, deodorant, insect and animal repellent and soil amelioration.
Bamboo in the future
Bamboo is a beautiful and strong material at the same time. Strength tests show that bamboo is 1.5 to 2 times stronger than ordinary untreated wood. In addition, a bamboo plant matures in 3 to 5 years and its timber has a high ignition temperature. These are why bamboo is considered to have a lot of potential as a building material.
Because of these outstanding properties, bamboo has a potential for much wider use in the contemporary world.
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